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Divorce in Massachusetts How Long Does It Take

Divorce in Massachusetts: How Long Does It Take?

Divorce is often a difficult and emotional process that can vary in duration depending on various factors such as the complexity of the case, the willingness of both parties to cooperate, and the backlog of cases in the Massachusetts court system. If you are considering filing for divorce in Massachusetts, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the timeline and the steps involved in the process. In this article, we will discuss the average timeline for divorce in Massachusetts and address some frequently asked questions related to the topic.

Average Timeline for Divorce in Massachusetts:

While the duration of divorce proceedings can differ from case to case, the average timeline for divorce in Massachusetts typically ranges from several months to over a year. It is important to note that uncontested divorces, where both parties agree on all aspects of the divorce, tend to be resolved more quickly compared to contested divorces.

To give you a general idea of the timeline, here is a breakdown of the different stages involved in a divorce in Massachusetts:

1. Filing the Petition: The first step in initiating a divorce is filing a “Complaint for Divorce” with the appropriate Massachusetts Probate and Family Court. This officially starts the divorce process.

2. Serving the Petition: Once the petition is filed, it must be served to the other spouse. This can be done by a sheriff, constable, or a private process server. The served spouse then has 20 days to respond to the petition.

3. Temporary Orders: In cases where immediate issues such as child custody, support, or asset division need to be addressed, either party can file for temporary orders. A hearing will be scheduled where the judge will make temporary decisions until the divorce is finalized.

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4. Discovery and Negotiation: Both parties will gather relevant information about assets, debts, and other financial matters through a process called discovery. This information will be used to negotiate a settlement agreement, which includes decisions regarding property division, child custody, and support.

5. Mediation or Trial: If the parties are unable to reach an agreement through negotiation, they may opt for mediation, where a neutral third party assists in resolving the issues. In cases where mediation fails, the divorce case may proceed to trial, where a judge will make the final decisions.

6. Finalizing the Divorce: Once all issues are resolved, a divorce agreement is drafted and submitted to the court for approval. If the court finds the agreement fair and reasonable, a divorce decree will be issued, finalizing the divorce.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1: Can I get a divorce in Massachusetts without hiring an attorney?

A: While it is legally possible to represent yourself in a divorce case, it is highly recommended to seek legal counsel. An experienced divorce attorney can guide you through the complex legal process and ensure your rights are protected.

Q2: How long do I have to live in Massachusetts to file for divorce?

A: To file for divorce in Massachusetts, either you or your spouse must have lived in the state for at least one year before filing.

Q3: Can I get a divorce if my spouse doesn’t agree?

A: Yes, Massachusetts allows for both contested and uncontested divorces. Even if your spouse doesn’t agree to the divorce, you can still proceed with the process by filing a contested divorce.

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Q4: How much does a divorce cost in Massachusetts?

A: The cost of a divorce in Massachusetts can vary widely depending on factors such as attorney fees, court fees, and the complexity of the case. On average, a contested divorce can cost anywhere from several thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars.

Q5: Can I change my name during the divorce process?

A: Yes, you have the option to request a name change as part of the divorce process. However, this request must be included in the divorce petition.


Divorce proceedings in Massachusetts can take several months to over a year, depending on the circumstances of the case. It is crucial to consult with a knowledgeable divorce attorney to navigate the legal complexities and ensure that your rights are protected throughout the process. Understanding the timeline and being aware of the frequently asked questions can help you better prepare for the challenges that lie ahead.

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