The Pledge of Allegiance: A History and Analysis

First thing's first, the pledge itself:

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Now, does anyone know the history of these words?  All anyone remembers is that students once recited this pledge at the beginning of every school day and the words " nation under God...” The truth of the matter is that the pledge itself should scare any true conservative/libertarian.  It was, after all, written by Francis Bellamy (1855–1931) - an ardent socialist.  He was a Baptist minister and Christian Socialist.  Now, many people would want to dismiss the fact that he was a socialist and simply say he was a Christian.  This half-truth has caused much damage over the years.

Well, maybe you've heard of his cousin - Edward Bellamy (1850–1898).  He was a socialist utopian novelist in his life.  Hm...  Then again, you might not have heard of him.

Francis Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance so that American children would recite it, and by doing so, become little National Socialists.  Does anyone remember the last time that National Socialists had control of a country?  I'll give you a hint: WWII.

Bellamy would later recall that "The time was ripe for a reawakening of simple Americanism and the leaders in the new movement rightly felt that patriotic education should begin in the public schools."  "Simple Americanism" can be interpreted as "faith in the Government to do for you what you cannot."  This comes from the fact that he was born and raised in New York before the war between the United States and the Confederate States (another blog on that war to come later).  At that time, most people living in the US north of the Mason-Dixon Line were of the belief that the legacy of the Founding Fathers was the union itself.  That's right.  They thought the Government was the legacy of the Founding Fathers.  Not our Liberties.  That is what Bellamy was raised believing.  The "new movement" he spoke of was the Progressive Movement that was gaining traction at the time.  We all know who they were and what havoc they wrought - and are still wreaking - upon the country.

Now that I've said a little about the man who wrote it originally, how about we now take a look at the actual wording and what it all means.

"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands..."

These words have you swearing fealty to a form of Government by way of the flag of the United States.  Think about that for a minute.  Why should we pledge allegiance to the Republic?  Our Founding Fathers wanted us to be loyal to our states and neighbors, not to the Federal Government.  Look at what they did after all.  They fought for the freedom of our country from a Government across the Atlantic Ocean!  The last thing they wanted was for us to swear fealty to our own Central Government.  They put into the Constitution of the United States ways for us, the people, to defend ourselves from our Government should it become tyrannical.  This line is, in essence, is trying to get us to go along with whatever the Republic - the Federal Government - wants.

" Nation under God..."

These four words are at the heart of much of the debate about the Pledge today.  The Pledge was amended to have this phrase in 1954 when Dwight D. Eisenhower was President.  This phrase was actually used by a number of religious groups prior to 1954, but when Ike converted to being a Presbyterian he pushed for this phrase to be officially added after a conversation with his pastor.  This phrase says, obviously, that we are a single nation under God.  However, has anyone ever thought about the fact that a State is a nation?  That we are the United States?  Many States, separate nations, come together for mutual protection and economy.  That we may have a populace free from a tyrannical Government.  Today, however, most people have forgotten that the power is supposed to reside within the states.  Many of those who claim to remember though often times find themselves seeking the Federal Government to fix what they see as a problem, thus empowering Government that much more.


The United States was never meant to be indivisible.  Our Founders wanted states to have every right to leave the Union if they so wished.  It is a right protected by the 10th Amendment to the Constitution.  The Federal Government, however, has trampled upon this right held by the States.  This goes along with the modern day Secessionist Movement.  For the Federal Government to say that a State cannot succeed is pure tyranny towards all States. So, to comply with single word in this context is simply to say, "I will always be a slave to Washington, D.C."

"...with liberty and justice for all."

Liberty and Justice should be for all.  This phrase however, from my research, points more to post 1840 Social Justice.

A new salute was made to go along with the Pledge of Allegiance.  This became known as the Bellamy Salute.  The best source for this that I have found is the Wikipedia page about it.  Although Wikipedia isn't the most reliable sources for a lot of information, it has more than any other site I have found with regards to the Bellamy Salute.  So please visit to actually see something more than a little unnerving.

I don't want people to think that I am anti-Pledge of Allegiance - or at least that I was until I finished my research on the matter.  The simple fact is that it represents National Socialism.  I was shocked when I first found that out.  Now that I know this I feel as though I must inform people and try to stem the tide before the next generation falls victim to the villains of the past and those of today.

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Comment by Gary J. Mallast on February 4, 2013 at 3:31pm

Revising the Pledge

        I agree the current Pledge of Allegiance is both royalist and absurd.  Allegiance must be pledged to something more substantive than a flag.  The flag can be made to symbolize ANYTHING by a corrupt Congress or Administration.  The question becomes, then, to what should a patriotic person pledge his allegiance to?

        The Declaration of Independence provides our most important guide, as, of course, do Justice Sir Edward Coke’s gloss on Magna Charta in his Institutes, and John Locke’s Two Treatises on Civil Government and the other documents which make up our most important traditions such as “The Petition of Right” (1628),  Lilburn, Walwyn, Prince and Overton, “An Agreement of the Free People of England” (1648), John Milton’s “Aeropagitica or On the Freedom of Printing” (1644), “The English Bill of Rights” (1689), “Declarations of the Stamp Act Congress” (1765), and “Declaration of the First Continental Congress (1744).

        First, always is God and the Divine Law.  That may have to be omitted to get it through Congress because of militant Atheist opposition.  But they really ought to be there.

        Second, the Natural Law, viz, “..the laws of nature and nature’s God…” which is, after all, that part of the Divine Law which can be discerned by human reason without the aid of Sacred Scripture as St. Thomas Aquinas (1217-1274) points out.

        Then the inalienable rights of every individual which are, after all, the whole point and purpose of government.

        The definition of liberty MUST be explicitly stated: The right of every person to engage in ANY action whatsoever that does no overt harm to another without any need to seek prior permission or the payment of any fee or tax.  This last item is very important since liberty has been badly undermined by fees and licenses which require people to pay a fee or petition for a license to engage in actions which they have a perfect right to do without having to ask anyone permission such as opening a business, building a house, or buying a gun.  Likewise, even if only alluded to, slavery is reprehensible.

        Property as a right MUST be explicitly stated and not the “Pursuit of Happiness” fudge. What is more, the property clause must include a clause against arbitrary taking and excessive taxation.  The traditional moral limit to taxes is 10% of income.  Anything in excess of that makes you and me tax slaves.  As Justice Sir William Blackstone pointed out in his Commentaries on the  Laws of England (1765), the purpose of taxation is that each person gives up a small portion of his property to better secure the rest of it.  It follows that levels of taxation in excess of the minimum to secure each person’s rights are an injustice.  The use of the taxing authority for other purposes such as (allegedly) establishing some sort of state of ideal equality is likewise unjust.  Further an unlimited revenue authority creates an unlimited state since corrupt and arrogant politicians and officials can simply buy off the loyalty of one group against another.

        The rejection of the initiation of coercion in human affairs.

        The rule of law, the equal protection of the laws, and due process of law regardless of race, religion, or social class.  Back to our old friends, Article XXIX of Magna Charta and the IVth, Vth, VIth, XIIIth, and XIVth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and similar provisions in all state Constitutions.  Likewise that no one is above the law regardless of how high his office.

        The duty to defend ANYONE against ANY violation of his rights by either an individual acting alone or as part of a criminal organization or agent of government.

        The duty to defend the Constitution and fellow citizens from any enemy foreign or domestic.

        The duty to oppose graft or favoritism in laws and government.

        The Constitution of the United States and of the State of which the person is a citizen.

        So let’s take a whack at it.

        “I pledge allegiance to the Law of Nature and Nature’s God; to the inalienable rights of Life, Liberty, and Property of each person; Liberty being the right of each person to engage in any action whatsoever which does no overt harm to another without prior permission, payment, or threat; to the rule of law, due process of law, and equal protection of the laws regardless of race, religion, or social class; to my duty to defend any individual from violation of his rights and any attempted slavery or tyranny; to my duty to oppose and expose any attempted use of the power of government and the taxing authority for robbery, graft, or favoritism;  and to the Constitution of the United States and my State.”

        Likewise the oath of office for any government position should be revised along similar lines.

        I would appreciate any comments or suggestions.

        I suppose it would take decades, but some sort of effort needs to be made along this line.

Comment by Brett Moffatt on February 4, 2013 at 3:28pm

One problem I see is that some people, through no fault of their own, believe everything they were taught in government schools, about our history.  I don't doubt their sincerity, or patriotism, but there is a lot of information out there that can enlighten. has hundreds of articles which tell the truth about our history.  The Founding Fathers were Christian with a few exceptions.  The reference they most used was the Old Testament.  Their letters are full of Biblical references.  What many people don't realize is that much of what you read has been annotated, to eliminate these references.  From Hamilton to Marshall to Clay to Webster to Lincoln you had an unholy alliance to make our government one with a strong national government. This is not the way the Constitution was written, or ratified.  Until the South was invaded, everyone knew a state had a right to secede.  New England considered secession at least 3 times, without any qualms.  Lincoln just could not let the South go because his government was desperately dependent on the South paying tariffs.  Those who sought war were big business/big bankers who consolidated power and enriched themselves.  If you want to understand the Constitution, as the Founders understood it, read M.E. Bradford.  If you want to understand how we became an empire, read Thomas DiLorenzo, especially "Hamilton's Curse" which shows how Jefferson's arch enemy betrayed our Founding principles.

Comment by Patrick on February 4, 2013 at 1:43pm
Mr. Horner, you may want to reconsider calling this blog post "the ravings of a lunatic" when your comment reeks of Nationalism. To be a Patriot and love your country is one thing, but when you decide to insult someone you've never met then all you've done is make any credibility you had go right down the toilet. Saying that the US is the "last best hope of mankind" is pure Statist Nationalism. Perhaps you've forgotten that the US ISN'T in the Bible. There will always be hope for mankind because He sent his Son to die for our sins.

Mr. Burkholder, I didn't forget God. Neither did I forget that President Washington used the words "under God" constantly or that our country has looked to God for guidance. What you apparently haven't noticed is that the Pledge of Fealty wasn't around until after the War Against Southern Independence (yeah, I called it that). It has nothing to do with our Founders and they would not have approved of it one bit. I also thank God that He gave me the clarity of mind to be able to do honest research about something that many hold dear. I could have written something glowing about the Pledge, but it wouldn't have been right. I originally set out to write a history of the Pledge, for I too found it dear. When I started my research I found the history of the man who wrote it, where he came from, and what he believed. From there I made a thorough analysis of the Pledge's contents and then put everything into context. So to call me a Progressive is pure slander when there isn't anything to use as a basis for that accusation except your feelings on the subject matter.

Darla, I want to thank you for noticing this blog post. Debate is never a bad thing. I just wish some people wouldn't resort to insulting someone who has a different opinion. They come off sounding like a right wing Piers Morgan.
Comment by Scott Prentice on February 4, 2013 at 12:47pm

I appreciate your post!  I have also known or discovered this in the last year!  As a honor color guard for the US Army.. I too feel a bit deceived and manipulated.   Not just on this one issue, but on things like our founding fathers being all "Christians" when more then half where diests (Masonic Masons) following the teachings of Abert Pike a known Luciferian.   I have recently in the past year and half, even discovered the highly probable chance that Apostle Paul, was a false apostle.  There just are not 13 apostles! Plus all his degrading submission (Romans 13) teachings, Cut your hair because of NATURE?  What?  When did our Lord and Savior set up commandments based on Nature and earlier philosphers?  Paul, did!  He critisized our LORDS Teachings every where?  Read more about this in I can't find any thing to disprove Tondo's book or writings.  Now look what our GOP has left us?  Where is the TRUTH when you need it?

Comment by Jerry Todd on February 4, 2013 at 11:46am

Robert - Beautiful response. You can always tell a "progressive" because they can't help themselves from denigrating everything others hold dear. You're absolutely right about the need for Christianity as the moral foundation. While our "progressive" interlopers have striven to create a moral vacuum - the Super Bowl half time was a classic example of dreck - our Luciferian opponents are both praying to kill the innocent and striving with a lot of help from Obama's handlers to force their religion down our throats.

Comment by Robert James Burkholder on February 4, 2013 at 8:42am

The problem I have with this  author is he appears to"forget God" Gen.George Washington used  the phrase "under God" in some of his  General Orders. Our old Articles of War  drafted by Congress for our Continental Army understood  the necessity of encouraging Christianity in order to inculcate a uniform Morality.James Wilson reflected Montesquieu and Locke when he taught American Law and the notion that to be valid our laws must not be contrary to the Laws dictated by God Himself. some scholars will track the use to Lincoln and Gettysburg-but Lincoln ,himself, often cited Gen.Washington.i.e. the General Order issued 9 July,1776 by Washington was by Presidential desire read to the Army Nov.1862-- One misleads the nation when they ignore the role Religion/ Christianity has played in the establishment of our system of Govt. And as noted in the Sermon preached by Samuel West On the Right to Rebel,1776  so long as our Government honors God and acts as His agent we are bound to obey-when the magistrate begins to call evil good and good evil they cease to be ministers of God and it becomes our duty to God to resist and oppose them.I have no problem with the apostate socialist Bellamy or his pledge ,as amended over time-- unless the Government has forgotten -or rejected it's role  under God.

Comment by Mike Horner on February 4, 2013 at 7:50am

I wish you would not post the ravings of Lunatics like Patrick.  The Flag represents the United (and I stress United) States of America and I for one am darn proud to fly the flag on my porch daily.  I'm sure the Marines who hoisted the Flag on Iwo Jima were also darn proud of their incredible efforts to make that possible.  The many members of our military who have risked their lives to keep the "Colors" flying during battle are also proud of our Country's Flag and get a lump in their throat, as I do, when the Colors pass by in a parade.  I do pledge allegiance to our Flag frequently because of the incredible Country it represents.  Our Country right now is definitely becoming Socialist, but the people will soon cast off this tendency once they fully realize that is the wrong path to take.  America is that "Shining City on the Hill" and "The last best hope for mankind" and the Flag represents us proudly.  Patrick needs to crawl back into his miserable hole!

Comment by Jerry Todd on February 4, 2013 at 2:32am

 I think we protesteth too much. "Progressives" refer to our Republic as a democracy, which it isn't in the strictest sense.

The union -  e pluribus unum is like a marriage. Man and wife become one, but they remain free thinking morally responsible individuals. Proverbs 31 covers that nicely. Nothin socialist about that!

Consider Jesus’ admonition in Matthew 12:29 and Mark 9:40: “How can anyone enter a strong man’s house and make off with his property unless he first ties him securely? Only then can he rob his house. He who is not with me is against me…”

Francis Scott Key in 1814 had to know the meaning of this Scripture when he wrote the final verse of the Star-Spangled Banner: Anyone ever seen or sung the final verse of the Star-Spangled Banner?

  Oh thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand

 Between their loved homes and the war's desolation!

 Blest with victory and peace; may the heav'n rescued land

 Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a Nation.

 Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,

 And this be our motto: In God is our trust.

 And the Star-Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave

 O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

I would still prefer "America the Beautiful" as our national anthem because it better expresses, love, beauty, challenge, mistakes and redemption.

Comment by Brett Moffatt on February 4, 2013 at 1:03am

Sorry, I should also add that the "National Anthem" is also part of the progressive/socialist agenda.  It's of recent origin.  The Founders would reject the pledging allegiance to the flag of an empire, or giving voice to song meant to glorify a nationalist power while at the same time the people suffer under an oppressive regime, much harsher than that which prompted our Founders to rise up and proclaim liberty and sovereignty for their states.  Most Americans say the words, yet they are empty.  Republic, liberty, justice.... It's now big government, big banking/big business and big media.  Try being a small business owner or small farmer.  Try wading through millions of pages of regulations,taxes, and laws.  Our country is upside down from its Founding, and it will take the people reclaiming their liberty and the states their sovereignty.  Read 'Rethinking the American Union for the Twenty-First Century', ed. by Don LIvingston.

Comment by Brett Moffatt on February 4, 2013 at 12:52am

The 10th Amendment Solutions Conference a few years ago in Georgia had an excellent speech by Pastor John Weaver which covered this.  Audio Sermon has many of his sermons, and may have something on this.  I highly recommend his 2 part States' Rights sermon, which is the best explanation of the Founding of our republic and its Biblical foundation.  

  Actually, the 'Perpetual Union' reference in the Articles of Confederation does not mean that it was not indivisible.  It simply meant that the 'union' had no stated limit.  This was common legal usage at the time.  It never meant that there was no option of secession.  Sovereignty rests with the states, not the national union.

  The Pledge is a problem, as it tries to remove loyalty from the state, where sovereignty rests, and infuse the flag, representing a national union, with that which it does not, and CANNOT obtain.

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